Three Portraits: Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin

 

Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Joseph Stalin were three of the most powerful and influential leaders of all time. Each made a significant impact on their country and history. Although they received similar success, the way they reached their success was quite different. My final project is a comparison of these famous dictators and their lives.

 

  Adolf Hitler Joseph Stalin Benito Mussolini
Birth April 20, 1889 in Branau Inn River, Austria December 21, 1879 in Gori, Georgia ( a part of the Soviet Union) July 29, 1883 in Predappio, Italy
Parentage Father- officer in the civil service

Mother- housewife

 

Father- poor cobbler

Mother- peasant's daughter

Father- blacksmith

Mother- schoolteacher

Early Years He attended primary school and moved to Vienna at age 13 to attend art school which rejected him. He entered church school at age 9, expelled in 1899 for revolutionary activity. He became a socialist as a teen and received a degree as an elementary school master in 1901.
Rise to Power Adolf served in the German Army during World War I, and then became an undercover agent and took charge of the German Worker's Party propaganda in 1920. Young Stalin became a paid agitator for the government and became a party leader favoring Lenin's side. Mussolini founded a political newspaper and served in World War I and founded the Fascist party.
Major Accomplishments In addition to founding the Nazi (National Socialist German Worker's Party), he also wrote an autobiography titled Mein Kampf, or My Struggle. He redefined the Socialist party, and industrialized the Soviet Union. By 1937, after less than a decades' rule he increased the Soviet Union's total industrial output to a point where it was surpassed only by the United States. He founded the Fascist party and personally took over the ministries of the interior, of foreign affairs, of the colonies, of the corporations, of the army and other armed services, and of public works.
Death Hitler committed suicide in April of 1945 in the ruined Reichschancellory Stalin died suddenly on March 5, 1953 (foul play suspected.) On April 28, 1945 Mussolini and mistress Clara Petacci were shot by Italian partisans. Their bodies were exhibited for the public to see.