Who is Henry Hudson? What exactly did he do with his life during
his time? Henry Hudson was a great explorer. He became well known and even has
a river named after him to honor all he discovered in his time, also known as
the Hudson River. He completed many voyages
throughout his lifetime searching for passages and other great aspects that
could have been discovered at anytime.
Henry Hudson completed his first voyage in 1607. He was captain
of his ship, known as the Hopewell.
Hudson and one of his crew members, John Playse, recorded this journey in a
journal. He was attempting to find a North passage through the North Pole. Many
geographers of that day believed that if you went far enough North, the Arctic would actually get warmer due to the constant Sun.
They thought the Sun would melt the poles and a water passage would be
available. Henry Hudson discovered they were mistaken. Even thought this
passage did not exist, Hudson
did make other discoveries on his trip. One being pods of whales at Spitzbergen Island. He later became known as the
grandfather for the whale industry in England. Also, Hudson had traveled farther North than any
other explorer before him. Edward Wrightís map had been amended after this
voyage due to the fact that Henry Hudson had gone farther North and corrections
On his second voyage in 1608, Henry Hudson searched for the Northeast Passage. His support came from the Russia
Company. It had been three months since his last voyage, yet Hudson was ready for another challenge. Hudson was doing well until he reached the islands of Novaya Zemlya. The water turned to ice making it
impossible to travel through. Hudson decided to
change plans and head to the Northeast Passage
until his crew found out they werenít heading home. He was able to reason with
his crew by turning for home and writing a letter explaining that his crew did
not force him into doing so.† Sadly, Hudson did not make any
discoveries or progress on this journey mainly due to the crew issues.
Hudsonís third voyage began in 1609. He was determined to find someone
to back his journey to the Northeast Passage.
He then turned to the Dutch. Hudson explored the
northeastern coast of America
very close to New York City.
He hoped this water passage near New
York would provide a passage west to the Pacific.
This river is now named after Henry Hudson, known as the Hudson
River. As he continued, he realized the river got too narrow to
continue his travel. Disappointed again, Henry Hudson turned around to the long
journey home, unsuccessful again. Robert Juet wrote a journal about the voyage.
He often mentions about many fights with the natives. The crew apparently had a
negative outlook on the natives. They were mainly afraid of them and expressed
their fear through violence. Although Hudson
didnít realize it at the time, but Europe was the first to record the discovery
of todayís New York
On his fourth and final voyage, Hudson
received support from the European bank to try to find the Northwest
Passage. Robert Juet joined him for a third time. As usual, there
were many fights throughout the crew even before they reached the place of
exploration. Hudson ended up sailing into the
harsh arctic waters and into the Hudson Bay.
The currents were treacherous. The crew and ship became stuck too far south to
head home. They spent the fall and winter on land nearby. The majority of the
crew became ill and one member died. The ship was ready to travel on in the
spring. Although, Hudson wanted to continue to
look for the elusive Northwest Passage, all
his crew mates wanted was to head home. Fights broke out and Hudson, his son,
and others were left in the sea to die while Robert Juet and the rest of the
crew sailed away. Hudson
had lost his ship and his life. No one really knows if Hudson
was really planning to find the Northwest Passage
or to look for gold and other valuable minerals. If he hadnít turned into the
bay, he would have been able to explore more land and head home sooner.
No one really knows what happened to Hudson and his crew in 1611
when his men left him. Rescuers searched for him but he was never found.
It is more likely that Henry Hudson was looking for the rich
minerals of the land than the Northwest Passage,
although it can not be proven for a fact. Hudson
had never confided in his crew and they lost trust and faith in him. They
didnít see the need for his loss of leadership any longer. Henry Hudson went on
four main voyages in his lifetime. He explored and made many discoveries. There
is a river named after him in his honor, The Hudson River. Henry Hudson was a
great explorer that explored and discovered passages and other great aspects
that are important to our world today.