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Robert Peary is the man that discovered the North Pole. He accomplished this
feat on April 6th, 1909.He was accompanied
by Mr. Matthew Henson. Robert was born on May 6th, 1859 in Cresson, Pennsylvania. He grew up in Maine
and in 1877 graduated from Bowdoin
College. Robert and his
wife Josephine had two children. He also had children with Inuit women. In 1881
he became a civil engineer in the United States Navy. In 1884-85 he worked in Nicaragua on a
project where he surveyed a canal with the Navy. His first Arctic expedition
was in 1886 and then other similar trips in 1891 and 1892. In all of theses
trips Robert dog sledded across Greenland.
Another expedition took place in 1898-1902, and yet another in 1905-06. Peary
received a grant for his 1905-06 expedition to the tune of $50,000 from Mr.
George Crocker with which he bought a new ship that he named the Roosevelt.
Robert’s last expedition in 1908-09 was the expedition in which he found the
North Pole. Five days before Peary found
the North Pole Mr. Fredrick Cook, a doctor who had been on a previous
expedition with Peary (he set Peary’s broken leg), claimed to have found the
North Pole. For the most part this claim is rejected and Peary is credited with
the finding. However some people have speculated, the Mr. Cook’s claim is true.
The main point that people believing in Mr. Cook’s claim have to argue is that
not all of Robert’s records are scientific and have room for error. Even so
Robert Peary is still today credited with founding the North Pole on April 6th,
1909. Robert Peary died on February 20, 1920 at the age of sixty-one.